Announcements :
• Dr. Muhammad Hanif Khalil has resumed the charge as Acting Director of the National Institute of Pakistan Studies, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad w.e.f. 25-09-2023
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National Institute of Pakistan Studies
Name of ScholarShazia
Title of Dissertation

Faculty Participation in University Governance in Pakistani Cultural Context

Issue Date2017
PublisherNational Institute of Pakistan Studies, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan

This cross-cultural study was undertaken to investigate faculty participation in university governance in Pakistani cultural context. Data was collected from a random sample of 1272 faculty members from randomly selected 41 Pakistani public sector universities from 7 different language regions of Pakistan. The data was collected using Sections 1 and 3 from both forms alpha and beta of the Project GLOBE Survey Questionnaire, respectively.  Both societal and organizational cultural practices and values were studies respectively on the nine GLOBE Cultural competencies of uncertainty avoidance, assertiveness, power distance, family collectivism, institutional collectivism, performance orientation, humane orientation, gender egalitarianism and future orientation. The decision-participation level of the faculty was realised with the help of Faculty Decision Participation Scale developed for this study on the pattern of American Association of University Professor’s survey. The decision-participation scale measured the actual and desired participation levels of the faculty of 31 decision types relevant to eight different decisional areas.  The studied decisional areas were faculty status, academic operation, academic plaining and policy, professional duties, organization of faculty agencies, and students’ activities.

The results of data analysis show the nine GLOBE organizational cultural values were all important determinants of the desired decision participation level of the faculty. A comparison of actual and desired squared differentials per cultural dimension revealed widest gap in both societal and organizational cultures i.e. the sample was least comfortable with the cultural status quo, and showed significantly larger gap in the value orientation of the faculty and current practices in organizational settings. The sample desired to see less power distance, less uncertainty avoidance, more assertiveness, and more gender egalitarianism in organizational settings, highlighting cultural readiness for the introduction of participatory governance. The sample showed least satisfaction in the present governance practice and preferred collegial style as their most desired mode of university governance. The findings of this study invite policy makers to adopt a synergistic approach to university governance. The empirical findings of this study negated the assumption of a single homogenous Pakistani culture. From the cross-cultural management perspective the outlining of Pakistani subcultures, by language regions produced a more accurate reflection of the cultural forces in Pakistan.