Announcements :
• Dr. Muhammad Hanif Khalil has resumed the charge as Acting Director of the National Institute of Pakistan Studies, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad w.e.f. 25-09-2023
• The Institute has announced BS, M. Phil, and PhD admissions (Fall-2023)
National Institute of Pakistan Studies
Name of ScholarNajibullah
Title of Dissertation Islam and Nationalism in British India: A Muslim Intellectual Response
Issue Date2013
PublisherNational Institute of Pakistan Studies, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan
Abstract

With the establishment of All Indian national Congress in 1885 an effort was made to treat all Indian of all religious groups as members of one nation i.e. Indian Nation. Initially, the Muslims were divided on this. But with the passage of time especially after the rise of M.K. Gandhi on the Indian political scene after 1920 the Muslim started believing that they belong to a different national group. Therefore, the Muslim of British India, especially those of majority Muslims areas started feeling that they also have their right of self-determination in those areas of the subcontinent where they constituted majority of population.

This study attempts to explore the academic and intellectual works of Muslim in the subcontinent with regard to Muslim nationalism and activism. The key questions that this research work attempts to addressed are: How the academic work of Sir Sayyied Ahmad Khan led to strengthen of Muslim Nationalism? Believing in Islamic Universalism, how in early 1930s Allama Iqbal channelized the trend of nationalism of Indian Muslim into systematic and concrete philosophical concept and justified the Muslim demand of self-determination and communal autonomy for Muslim India. The study further looks how Jinnah explained the concept that the Muslim of British India is a nation according to any definition of nationality.

The study is significant in a sense that previously no research work has discussed the intellectual efforts that mobilized the Indian Muslim to confront the mighty Congress position in the subcontinent. This present study has discussed in detail the Muslim intellectual efforts with regard to Muslim nationalism and activism.

The study adopted a descriptive method for conducting this project. This dissertation is divided into six chapters. The first chapter is a proper introduction of the project. The second chapter discusses in detail the concept and philosophy of nationalism. The third chapter discusses Islam and nationalism. The fourth chapter discusses the emergence of Indian nationalism and the Muslim intellectual response. The fifth chapter attempts to discuss the political situation of British India and the attitude of Hindu majority towards the Muslim community. The sixth chapter provides conclusion of the study.