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National Institute of Pakistan Studies
Name of ScholarKishwar Sultana
Title of Dissertation Politics of All India Muslim League:1924-1940
Issue Date2009
PublisherNational Institute of Pakistan Studies, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan

Pakistan was created on 14th August 1947 for the purpose of establishment of Pakistan. All India Muslim League (AIML) played a major role as an effective Muslim political organization under the dynamic leadership of Quaid-i-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah. The Muslim League was established in 1906. It passed through various stages of crises and effectiveness. The period 1924-1940 is full of crises, as this was during this period that the Muslim faced a number of challenges, in the shape of Khilafat Movement, Non-cooperation Movement, disunity within the party organization, Congress challenge to the separate electorates in the shape of Nehru Report of 1928, the Round Table Conferences London, and the grant of separate electorates to the minorities in 1935 Act etc. All India Muslim League faced all these challenges both organizationally and politically.

The division and the disunity within the Muslim League in the shape of Jinnah League, Shafi League, Hafiz Hidayatullah and other groups were successfully tackled by Jinnah. By 1935, it became a viable political organization, but it was still not ready to lunch movement for Pakistan, though the idea for attainment of Pakistan was floated at Allahabad Session of All India Muslim League in December 1930 by Dr. Muhammad Iqbal. Why the movement could not be started immediately after 1930? These and other such questions have been focused in this study, as these have not been addressed in any publically known research work, especially on the AIML. The installation of Congress Ministeries in 7 out of 11 provinces of British India in 1937 posed the greatest challenge to the existence of AIML. Through successful mobilization of the organization and the Muslim masses, Quaid-i-Azam forced the Congress Ministeries to resign by December 1939. Thus, by the down of 1940 the AIML was well-prepared to launch the movement for Pakistan as a mass political organization. How all these preparation were made and party was strengthened publically, a successful political path was chalked out, are the matters to be discussed in the study.

This study is comprised on five chapters. Chapter on deals with the historical background of AIML. The revival of Muslim League and the advancement of the Muslim political rights and other related issues during 1924-1927 are discussed in chapter two. The nature of relationship between INC and AIML especially during 1924-1939 paving the way for separation has been discussed in chapter three. The period 1935-1939 is, as a matter of fact, the period of reconstruction of AIML’s emergence as a mass party which has been dealt with in chapter four. Chapter five covers the consolidation and the Demand for the creation of Pakistan.