Announcements :
• Dr. Muhammad Hanif Khalil has resumed the charge as Acting Director of the National Institute of Pakistan Studies, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad w.e.f. 25-09-2023
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National Institute of Pakistan Studies
Name of ScholarGhulam Qasim Marwat
Title of Dissertation Politics of the Opposition in Pakistan (1988-1988)
Issue Date2013
PublisherNational Institute of Pakistan Studies, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan.

The present study explores the role of the opposition in the politics of Pakistan during 1988-99. As an integral part of any democratic culture, the opposition plays a significant role in the process of democratization and uplift of any modern political polity. It is regarded as shadow government which provides an alternative solution to the national problems especially when the ruling party fails to resolve these problems. It is generally believed that if there is no opposition, there is no democracy. The positive and constructive role of opposition leads a society towards the solution of many national issues of common interests. It provides a system of checks and balances in the political system and prevents the majority party from conducting wrong practices and points out its mistakes and errors.

The notion and concept of “opposition” has not been properly understood in our society on the equal lines with the west and, therefore, its practices cannot produce fruitful consequences. The ineffective and inadequate role of the opposition is one of the very important factors of failure of democracy in our country. The non-serious attitude of the opposition, the intolerant behaviour of the ruling party and lack of commitment and conviction with democratic ideals and constitutional norms are the basic weaknesses which affect the role of the opposition Pakistan. by virtue of such weaknesses it provides space to the establishment to stand in the corridors of power and even use it as an instrument against the rule of the majority party. Although different research scholars have worked on the political and constitutional development of Pakistan from time to time, yet the present area has not been focused exclusively. It is a pioneer work on the subject which addresses the following questions. Why has the opposition been weak, fragmented and disorganised in Pakistan? Why do governments and parties in power demonstrate intolerant and repressive attitude toward the opposition? Why has the opposition failed to protect, safeguard and strengthen democracy in Pakistan? Why have the opposition and parties in government   failed to evolve a functional consensus on the basic minimum essentials of the democratic system? And does Pakistan need a measure of reconciliation in the tradition of deadly hostile relationship between the party in government and the party in the opposition?