Announcements :
• Dr. Muhammad Hanif Khalil has resumed the charge as Acting Director of the National Institute of Pakistan Studies, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad w.e.f. 25-09-2023
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National Institute of Pakistan Studies
Name of ScholarShafqat Munir Ahmad
Title of Dissertation Print Media Coverage of Incidence of Violence Against Women and Children and its Social Impacts: A Case Study of Pakistan From 2002 to 2006
Issue Date2018
PublisherNational Institute of Pakistan Studies, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan
Abstract

This cross-sectional study is seminal in nature and has been designed to see the extent of the incidence of violence against women and children in Pakistan with the print media coverage lens. The study looks at two aspects; the state of incidence of violence against women and children in Pakistan, and how the print media covered the incidence. These aspects have been seen by applying qualitative and quantitative research approaches. The case studies and intense interviews of survivors of violence and human right activists quoted in the study strengthened the qualitative analysis. An authentic research tool, the content analysis, was used to undergo the quantitative analysis on the basis of the selected news clippings from 19 mainstream newspapers appeared in English, Urdu, and Sindhi from 2002 to 2006.

The study does not measure social impacts I term of how media coverage impacted society as a whole rather it finds that rising, failing and again rising trends in media reporting, with adequately profiling the issues around violence against women and children through a quality content, the masses prompt to report the incidence of violence instead of hiding it amid fear of being marginalised.

The theoretical framework in this study looks at epistemological and ontological description of various media theories and especially uses ‘social responsibility’ ‘agenda setting’ and ‘political economy of communication’ theories being the appropriate theories to analyse media content in line with its social responsibility towards protection of women and children.

The study finds that the print media in Pakistan , especially and after the study period (2002-2006), through coverage of incidence of violence against women and children played a key role in line with the epistemological and ontological description of the established theories of media. With increase in quantum of stories and quality of stories, print media has been successful in meeting the aspiration of the society in terms of catering to their information and in creating awareness in society on violence against women and children. The study finds that due to print media coverage of the incidence of violence against women and children, the realization and cognizance in society increased which led police not to refuse registration of cases against perpetrators committing violence against women and children.