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National Institute of Pakistan Studies
Name of ScholarJaved Haider Syed
Title of Dissertation The Political Development in Baluchistan in the last decade of the British Raj
Issue Date2006
PublisherNational Institute of Pakistan Studies, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan

The present study is devoted to political and social developments in Baluchistan under the British rule and has use written reports, travelogues, policy statements, official records, memorise, and the correspondence of British officers who served in Baluchistan.  In addition, wherever available local sources have also been used in order to provide a more balanced view of the events and personalities involved in the process of these developments. Last, but not the least, various academic studies undertaken by foreign scholars as well as local researchers have also been utilized. It will indeed be relevant to understand the scope as well as the underlying themes of these studies.

The present study draws available materials in the British archives in London as well as in Baluchistan, Lahore, Karachi and Islamabad. This material consists of intelligence reports, and official high-level correspondence of Agents to the Governor General, the viceroys, and other British officers. The ample use of colonial records is meant to enable the readers to benefit from the wealth of information, which is hidden in the archives. Since the study is devoted to the last decade of political development in Baluchistan before independence, i.e. 1937-47 period, we had to examine the social and economic infrastructure of Baluchistan, hence ethnic composition, economic and natural resources have also been included in this study.

The first chapter deals with the land and people in Baluchistan. The second chapter presents a historical survey of the involvement of Baluchistan in the power politics of various empires builders.  In particular, those circumstances and factors have been examined that brought the British to Baluchistan. The third chapter traces the development of an administrative pattern in Baluchistan under the British. This chapter attempts to answer a basic question of this study such as; Why was this province treated differently from the other British possessions in India? Chapter four deals with the origin and development of political parties in Baluchistan. To what extent ethnic considerations, the urge to reform the social institutions, and the impact of Bolshevik Revolution, acted as major factors in organising people in different political parties, are discussed in details in fifth chapter. Chapter six is devoted to the role of the press and the resistance literature in the political development of Baluchistan. The methodology used in this study is essentially descriptive and chronological.