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National Institute of Pakistan Studies
Name of ScholarFazlur- Rahman
Title of Dissertation The Religio Political Movement of Faqir of IPPI (1936-60)
Issue Date1999
PublisherNational Institute of Pakistan Studies, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan
Abstract

The topic ‘The Religio-Political Movement of Faqir of IPPI (1936-60) is perhaps not in line with the general trend in the historiography of nationalism in the subcontinent. This work is intended as contribution to filling the gaps; first, the local or regional studies undertaken so far ignored the role of heroes living in hilly areas of tribal belt; second the role of religion, Islam was minimized on one pretext or the other.

The basic problem for analysis in this study is ; Why and how Faqir of Ippi started movement when the whole of tribal belt was calm? Was this an agitation against the court decision in Islam Bibi’s case or a continuation of Sayed Ahmed Shaheed’s Jehad movement? Can one consider the Faquir’s Pashtunistan movement the same as was initiated by Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan? And above all why movements based on Islamic ideologies fails to accommodate wit the changing circumstances and end tragically? These questions were the starting point of the investigations.

The purpose of this dissertation is not only to pursue a tempting sentimental exercise in reviving the exploits of the most fascinating guerrilla leaders in a region, nor is it the intention to dwell on the parallel. However, the case of the Faqir of Ippi could be of great interest to historians since it opens the back door to an amazing story of gruella activities against a major power.

It must right away be stressed that the objective of this dissertation is not to take side of the Faqir or to condemn him— beyond wishing a constructive role of the Faqir’s heirs. It is hoped, however, that the work may help to place that part of discussion, which concerns the period (1936-60), on a somewhat more factual basis and to clean it from the politically motivated distortions which flourished against the Faqir.

The dissertation is divided into seven chapters. The first chapter discusses the basic information about the land of Waziristan and its people. The second chapter deals with the British policy towards Waziristan (1846-47). The third chapter relates to the personality of the Faqir of Ippi, his early life, and the Islam Bibi case which provided him a sound religious ground for initiating a movement against the British colonial power. The fourth chapter relates to the armed resistance of the Faqir against the British (1936-38). The fifth chapter relates to the crucial period (1939-47). In this chapter the role of Faqir of Ippi in the World War II and partition of India is discussed. The sixth chapter relates to Afghanistan’s role in the Faqir’s movement. The seventh and last chapter relates to political developments in the subcontinent and the role of the Faqir.