Announcements :
• Dr. Muhammad Hanif Khalil has resumed the charge as Acting Director of the National Institute of Pakistan Studies, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad w.e.f. 25-09-2023
• The Institute has announced BS, M. Phil, and PhD admissions (Fall-2023)
National Institute of Pakistan Studies
Name of ScholarHabibullah
Title of Dissertation United States Invasion of Afghanistan and Its Socio-Political Impacts on Waziristan
Issue Date2021
PublisherNational Institute of Pakistan Studies, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad
Abstract After the US-led NATO forces attack on Afghanistan in October 2001 the tribal areas of Pakistan in general, and Waziristan in particular became a sanctuary for Taliban. It was followed by several US induced Pakistani state military operations against the militants, which instead of stemming militancy further deteriorated the law and order situation in the region. The study argues that the nature of current socio-political turmoil in Waziristan is neither purely internal nor external; rather, it has been the outcome of the post 9/11 alignment between the ruling elites of Washington and Islamabad and their pursuit of geo-political interest in the region that turned Waziristan into a virtual battle field. The activities of the foreign militants and its local supporters could be better managed by working within the tribal framework, however, the military led government of Pervez Musharraf under the US pressure opted for the use of military force which back-fired. The Pakistani state military operations against the militants and the resultant retaliation of the militants in the form of suicide attacks and targeted killing of the Maliks (influential tribal chiefs) not only led to unprecedented displacement of the tribal people but also caused disruptive changes in socio-political setup of Waziristan. Since the past fifteen years several politico-administrative measures have been taken by the military and civilian governments of Pakistan to bring this region into the national mainstream, however, a biggest failure of the Pakistani state center has been its inability to consider this tribal periphery outside the confines of national security.